COVID-19 Cases Pre- and Post- Vaccination by Race & Ethnicity
in Ramsey County, Minnesota

Coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) has had disproportionate effects on the  morbidity, hospitalizations, and mortality of racial minorities and ethnic  minorities in the United States with higher rates seen in Black, American  Indian, and Hispanic communities.1,2 The first COVID-19 vaccine was distributed on December 14th, 2020. Different strategies and ethical frameworks were used at the state-level to address these health inequities,  and it is expected that vaccines will be distributed equally among all racial  and ethnic groups.3 But, the unavailability of vaccine data by race and  ethnicity have made it difficult to evaluate the ongoing impacts interim  vaccine allocation and distribution strategies may have had across racial and  ethnic minority groups.  

Our research questions are if there is a significant difference in average  daily case growth rate of COVID-19 cases in all racial and ethnic groups in  Ramsey County, Minnesota since the start of COVID-19 vaccine distribution,  and whether these differences are equitable across the racial and ethnic  groups. If health equity was adequately incorporated into allocation and  distribution strategies, the average daily case growth rate of COVID-19 cases  is hypothesized to decrease across all racial and ethnic groups in similar  magnitude. 

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Jeanne Moua, MPH
University of Minnesota – Twin Cities